Back with Face to face There were questions about whether it would increase in school-college Hooliganism case In educational institutions.
Due to the peak of the epidemic, in 2020 and 2021, hooliganism was rare in Ecuador. During the virtual class, students were not present at the school facilities.
In Ecuador, there is one Practical guide Made by him Ministry of EducationAlso known as tackling bullying Bullying.
Official documents establish that bullying occurs when a child or adolescent does or does something that harms a partner who has difficulty defending himself or herself. It is a pattern of aggressive behavior that occurs among peers and involves unwanted activity.
United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)UNESCO) Indicates that school violence is a reality that denies the basic human right to education. Entity United Nations Says it must ensure that all children and young people have access Environment From Safe education, Healthy And Included.
Where bullying is more prevalent
In most cases, harassment during or after school. Another place where these things happen is on the playground or on the bus. Similarly they may be registered to travel to school or from the Internet.
Punishment for harassment
After the approval of the reform package Extensive criminal biological code (COIP) On May 6, 2021, in the Legislature, 10 new types of crime were created and 11 were reformed.
School and academic bullying was one of them New crime Which have been typed into punitive reform. This offense against personal integrity is punishable by one to three years in prison for adults and three to five years in prison for harassing minors.
The study reveals bullying statistics
According to a recent UNICEF study published in 2015, 22.8% Ecuadorian students Oppressed between the ages of 11 and 18.
The image is similar to the image shown in the primer Official report On Bullying the World (2020-2021), where similar data is presented. This survey indicates that one in five students worldwide suffers from this problem.
The study of UNICEF And the first official report Bullying These are similar to the analysis done in other parts of Latin America. There it appears that for harassment, gender, institution, social class, ethnicity, age or sexual orientation are not separated.
UNESCO estimates that 246 million children and adolescents may be victims of violence in and around schools and colleges. The body says this Crazy Affects girls disproportionately, and equally those who do not follow the rules Sexual And the main gender.
Type of behavior
The Ministry of Education Protocols and routes of action in situations of violence are described in detail. In this guideline, it establishes that bullying is present in three basic aspects: violent acts, motives supported by a power relationship, and repetition manifested through repetitive systematic behavior.
These behaviors may include:
- Insulting, yelling at victims or their families, calling people abusive nicknames, laughing when they are wrong, making fun of their physical appearance, their clothing or apparel.
- The act of stealing, damaging or hiding personal belongings.
- Spreading rumors about the victim or his family, physical, emotional or sexual aggression, fooling him in front of others, lying about him or blaming him for what he did or did not do.
- Repeatedly harassing the victim, ignoring or excluding them from the game and not talking to them.
- Creating Violence, Fake Accounts, Memes, Videos, etc. in Virtual Environment.
- Create exclusive spaces for students with disabilities, take advantage, prevent mobility and access information.
Measures to deal with bullying
Faced with this problem, the state has developed portfolio guidelines and protocols that must be followed through the Ministry of Education and other agencies in an effort to reduce violence among students.
In addition, due to the increasing incidence of harassment in Latin America, the Enaf of Bullying Campaign has been created. According to the survey, it is estimated that 50% to 70% of students in this region have been harassed or harassed in their school environment.
The Ministry of Education, along with other companies, has developed a toolkit for children, adolescents, adults, teachers, school authorities and parents. The purpose was to provide resources to support different actors and to respond to this problem.
Similarly, education has produced a report on violence, where the type of harassment as well as the names of those involved can be mentioned in a document.