Last Wednesday, the National Assembly prepared a report for the first debate on the reform of the Education Commission Biological law of higher education (It). In 115 pages, it does not intend to exclude the National Secretariat of Higher Education, Science and Technology (Sensisit)

The document collects nine project proposals presented by the previous government and six proposals of the current order, including the President, William Lasso. However, in none of the articles does it suggest that Sensit should be suppressed.

The issue returned to the debate on March 23, when – due to problems on the platform – Test transform High school graduates for university admissions. 327,000 students signed up.

This prompted the president to reiterate that he would “keep his word” to close the institution through a reform of the decree.

He had earlier said in a statement that he had been inspired by the decision Graduation number That they are forced to pursue a different profession than they thought.

For Paul CardosoThe former secretary of the Senescyt Scholarship, the problem arises because 200,000 young people graduate each year in Ecuador and There are only 118,000 seats Rewarded by more than 60 public and co-financing universities.

Entrance can not be entered in the university by examination and exclusion of this body, but by Provide more resources Cardoso said universities should increase quotas in the face of population growth.

According to Paul Herrera, Vice-rector of the Escuela Superior Politécnica del Litoral (Espol), the country did not improve the overall rate of university attendance between 2008 and 2018. It measures the percentage of young people of study age (18-24 years) who are doing it. In 2008 it was 26.9% and in 2018 it was 26.45%. “Some universities have grown, but the population is growing rapidly.”

According to Herrera, the rate has risen from 23% to 52% in Latin America over the same period, and to 70% in developed countries.

Controls the universities

Senescyt is a government agency created in 2010 and practices public policy stewardship for the country’s universities, polytechnic schools and institutes. Coordinate action between executive and higher education institutions to ensure that free higher education meets the standards of quality, inclusion, relevance, and democracy. It also identifies and approves public interest careers and programs, promoting research and innovation.

Leveling system

It sets quotas for high school graduates seeking to enter higher education under a system that prioritizes merit, free choice and the academic offer of higher education centers. Applicants take the Transform test, which assesses cognitive ability. The quota is determined by considering the highest score of each race. For rectors, the system is discriminatory, as it puts students in rural areas who have multiple academic deficits at a disadvantage.

Scholarship access

It promotes the training of human talents through scholarships or achievements to study in Ecuador or other countries. Between 2010 and 2020, it awarded 32,894 scholarships to university students, of which 4,074 were enrolling in universities or with research. For Pablo Cardoso, a former under-secretary of the scholarship, because of this grant, the universities were filled with masters and PhD students. “But it has been declining for four years and there is no call. It contributes and contributes to the development of the productive sector of the country.

Title and Innovation

It also funds scientific research and technological development projects for higher education centers. With this they increase the talent of the youth, but the calls are also suspended due to lack of financial resources, the rectors say. Senescyt also registers and provides a database of national titles and is provided by higher centers in other countries. It didn’t exist 10 years ago and that’s why the false title was identified, the rectors recall.

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