Bolivia and Peru want to breed fish at risk of extinction. Photo: EFE
Has set up a laboratory for Bolivia and Peru Reproduction From Native fish Lake Titicaca Basin, shared by both countries, and whatever Risk From Extinction Especially for Excess fishing.
There are labs Tikuina Fish Farming Center-One of Bolivia in the city of San Pablo de Tiquina, Bolivia Joint venture The Binational Authority of Lake Titicaca (ALT), the Decentralized Public Institution for Bolivarian Fisheries and Aquaculture (IPD PACU) and the Integrated Management of Water Resources (GIRH-TDPS) project, also Bisexual.
By the “dramatic reality of fishing” Endemic species Lake Titicaca, which The longest in the worldWas inspired to have a laboratory for such as Karachi, Suche or Maury The game This species is at risk InvisibleALT’s executive president, Juan Jose Okola, explained.
According to experts, the Volume From Capture At least in the last three decades, the amount of fish has decreased by 90%, which means “if 7,000 tons had been caught before, now 1,000 tons would not have been caught.”
“It simply came to our notice then Excess fishingLack of control and surveillance and this happens in Peru and Bolivia, “he warned.
Therefore, the laboratory will allow To produce fish Titicaca Basin “to populate and restore” and to contribute Recovery Of Natural populationWhich will ensure food security and who will work for them They live Of FishingHe indicated.
“There are thousands of Peruvian and Bolivian families who survive this activity Millennium And we believe that this is the right time to make the biggest effort and achieve the projects that will reverse the situation in five or six years or more, “Okola said.
For its part, the director of IPD PACU, Grover Garcia, explained that initially it was expected To produce Half a million larvae or fingerlings Species citedAiming to reach one million annually.
The Larvae That To produce In the laboratory they will revive Titicaca, but the Peruvian lakes Arapa and Umayyad and Bolivia Uru Uru and Pupo, which are part of Lake Titicaca-Rio Desaguadero-Lake Pupo and Salar de Koipasa Water System (TDPS).
Diagnosis of bisexual disease
Time Open In the laboratory, Ocola presents some The result Of a Diagnosis Fishing and aquaculture that was created in the TDPS system indicates that the main risk to the native species is Excess fishing And non-compliance with the sanctions in both Bolivia and Peru.
Other factors have been linked to this, such as The victim Introduced by this species AccommodationPollution of some areas of tributaries and Lake Titicaca, invasion of territories Natural reproduction By aquaculture, weakness Program From Control And little social awareness about fish surveillance and problems.
Warned about the risks of ALT Petni Fishing is one of those resources Negative effects From this activity to the economy of the living population, as well Food security Areas that mainly eat the native fish of the lake.
If this native species eventually InvisibleWill be missed Genetic heritage Bolivia and Peru and “empty lake syndrome” will be created. Indicates bisexual entity.
He warned of a lack of updated official data in both countries, for example, numbers Fishermen Titicaca is working in the basin, or the number of boats and nets.
The Laboratory Is Transferred There is an area of 120 square meters and Room From IncubationFor live food production, breeding rooms and ponds Reception Y. Adaptation According to the ALT, broodstock trapped in various lakes of the water system.
Your source Catering The so-called minor lake of water is Titicacar, for which a Method From Pumping.
Okola mentioned that Endemic species “They are not taken out every day and are not reproduced”, because there is a Fixed period The best of the year for this and they are at the moment Process From Maturity.
That means next month They will look for species Y. Eggs What will they be Fertilized And care is taken in the laboratory, he said.
It will also search Training From ExpertsAmong the fishermen, professionals and technicians, who manage the strategy Reproduction And the planting of endemic species, as well as conducting research that contributes to sustainable fishing activities and Be carefull Of Environment.
An equivalent investment of USD 27,200 is required to set up the laboratory.