Families in Ecuador realize that Conflict The family environment has declined compared to the first year of 2022 Extreme. This information has been given in the report of the United Nations Children’s Fund.UNICEF) Latest Encovid Survey Results.

The organization is one to monitor the situation of the family in the face of the socio-economic crisis caused by Kovid-19 Survey seriesFrom October 2020. Match the fifth round February 2022. UNICEF collected this information through telephone calls to 1,600 homes in 24 provinces of the country.

It shows a decrease from 23 to 17% Conflict In the family environment between 2020 and this year. In Houses In children and adolescents it has increased from 25 to 18% in the same period.

Another result is that as of February 2022, seven out of 10 families report that they Boys and girls At least one has suffered Mental state. Is the most common Realization of sadness and discouragementAggression or stubbornness and New fears. UNICEF noted that this is a situation that has been maintained since the first round of surveys.

Access and quality of education

UNICEF said Face to face learning Increased gradually from October 2020 to February 2022 (0.8% to 24% in families of girls and boys aged 5 to 11 years and 0.9% to 31% in families of adolescents aged 12 to 17 years). Even then the survey shows that Virtual or hybrid method This is the basic way to teach girls, boys (85%) and adolescents (90%).

With Progressive return For face-to-face education, the results show a decrease in school dropouts in families, including girls and boys (9% in the first round to 3% in the last round) and adolescents (8% to 5%).

In Difficulty in accessing education The issues identified were lack of funds, lack of internet access and lack of access to a computer with low-income children. In families with children between the ages of 5 and 11 at lower socioeconomic levels, only 10% can access a computer, compared to 74% at higher levels.

Family health

As of February 2022, 6 out of 10 families, including children, stated that one or more family members Covid-19 Or had symptoms. In the case of childless families, it has occurred in five out of 10 cases Families. This represents double the results of the first round.

A high proportion of households have been accessed Covid-19 detection test In February 2022 (57%). In October 2020 the number was 48%. In addition, 33% of households choose to take care of the home or do not take care of it at all. In terms of access to medical care, 46% of families prefer Personal services Health, says UNICEF.

It further argues that, despite the challenges faced Healthcare system And there have been improvements due to some services being disrupted due to epidemics. Families of people with chronic illnesses who have stopped receiving health care have a lower number (13% in 2020 to 8% in 2022).

The agency also said that access Childhood immunizations Improved, especially in families with low socio-economic status and severe food insecurity. Reached levels above 90%.

The latest results further show that Food insecurity does not decrease And that’s 48%. It increased significantly in the families of lower level (68% to 79%) and lower middle class (63% to 73%) girls and boys.

Childhood

About four out of 10 families have been adopted, including children Support social programs (Such as emergency bonuses, human development bonuses, among others). This is close to double the first year of the epidemic. In addition, more families with children under 5 are adopted Supplemental feeding (34% to 53%) and have access to government services for child development or primary education (30% to 38%).

According to the latest survey, d The mother is the primary caregiver Girls and boys under 4 years (75% of families). The level of education and the socio-economic status of the mother aggravates the situation.



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